The system of economic incentives for the production of electricity from renewable sources can create distortions in the market for post-consumer wood. The deep meaning of the regulation, namely to stimulate the burning of biomasses from “natural” sources (pruning, mowing, forest maintenance waste etc…) instead of fossil fuels, finds wide agreement.
The term “biomass” lends itself to ambiguity, because it does not distinguish the origin of the wood itself. Wood is considered biomass in a broad sense. The little branch from the public park is regarded on a par with an old pallet: both, shredded, become a chip of wood. Yet the first is a true biomass, a natural product, the other is waste: for example, it may have been used in an industrial process with chemical treatments or contain non-woody material not adequately separated.
This approach has the following negative effects:
Hence the necessity of focussing on the recycling of wood, allowing the exploitation for energy purposes of only the portion that is no longer exploitable, as is already the case for the power generation at the Group’s plants.